4 次の文章を読んで,あとの各問に答えよ。

  When Yumi was a junior high school student, she played video games with her younger brother Akira almost every day. Her parents felt sad to see that and often told her to study more. Her father was a *carpenter. He worked from early morning until late at night every day. But Yumi didn’t know why he worked so hard.
  When Yumi became a high school student, she made a lot of friends, and she began to enjoy learning things. Her life in high school was not so bad. But there was one thing she worried about. When her teacher asked her about her future, she couldn’t say anything. Most of her friends had their own dreams or plans, and they often told each other about them. She felt very sad when she couldn’t join them. She didn’t have any dreams or plans for the future. One night she told her father about that. He smiled and told her to come to his *job site some day. She didn’t know why he told her to do that.
  One day, on her way home from school, she decided to visit her father’s job site. When she got there, Yumi’s father was working with two young carpenters. He was showing them how to *plane a piece of wood. She saw something *professional in him. It was her first *experience to see him at his job site, and she got very excited. She thought her father was great. After a while, her father said to Yumi, “Come here. Let’s have some tea.” He gave a cup of tea to her and asked, “What do you think of my work, Yumi?” Yumi said, “It’s wonderful.” He said, “I have built about thirty houses in about fifteen years. Building a good house takes a long time.” Then she asked him, “Why did you decide to become a carpenter?” He answered, “I wanted to make a lot of people happy through building good houses. When I started to work as a carpenter, it was very hard for me, and I often wanted to give up. But I didn’t. Because my dream was to make a lot of people happy through building good houses. I *kept on working very hard.” She *was moved by her father’s words. They finished drinking the tea. Then a boy *came up to them. The boy was Akira. She was surprised and asked, “What are you doing here?” Akira answered, “I’m here to watch our father. I often come here after school. It’s interesting to watch him at his job site.” Yumi was surprised again and looked at her father. Her father was smiling. Akira was interested in his work! She thought Akira would *probably become a carpenter like him. On their way home, Akira said to Yumi, “I *am proud of our father. What about you?” She answered, “I am, too. Now I know why he told me to come to his job site.” Her father wanted her to know the *significance of working. She thought about her life. After that day, she began to think about her future. She also wanted to make a lot of people happy through her work. That became her big dream. She studied harder, and her school life got better.
  Now Yumi is an *architect and Akira is a carpenter. A lot of people in the town want her to *design their own houses. She is very busy, but she is very glad to make a lot of people happy through her work. Yumi’s big dream has *come true.

〔注〕carpenter 大工  job site 作業現場  plane a piece of wood 木材にかんなをかける  professional プロの
experience 経験  keep on working 働き続ける  be moved 感動する  come up to ~ ~に近寄ってくる
probably おそらく  be proud of ~ ~を誇りに思う  significance 意義  architect 建築
design デザインする  come true 実現する

〔問1〕But there was one thing she worried about.を,次のように書き表すとすれば,【     】の中に,下のどれを入れるのがよいか。
    But Yumi worried because 【     】.
   ア her life in high school was not so bad
   イ she enjoyed learning things in high school
   ウ her father kept on working very hard every day
   エ she didn’t have any dreams or plans for the future

   ア Yumi visited her father’s job site and was excited to see her father.
   イ Yumi began to think about her future.
   ウ Yumi couldn’t say anything when her teacher asked her about her future.
   エ Yumi played video games with Akira almost every day.

〔問3〕次の(1)~(3)の文を,本文の内容と合うように完成するには,【     】の中に,それぞれ下のどれを入れるのがよいか。
   (1) Yumi’s father told Yumi to come to his job site because 【     】.
    ア he wanted her to build a good house
    イ he wanted her to decide to become a carpenter
    ウ he wanted her to know the significance of working
    エ he wanted her and Akira to help him with his work

   (2) Akira often came to his father’s job site because 【     】.
    ア he wanted to see his sister Yumi
    イ he was interested in his father’s work
    ウ he and two young carpenters were friends
    エ he was only interested in playing video games

   (3) Yumi’s school life got better when 【     】.
    ア she found a dream and studied harder
    イ she was moved by her father’s words
    ウ she saw something professional in her father
    エ she was surprised to see Akira at her father’s job site

   (1) How did Yumi feel when her friends were talking about their future at high school?
   (2) What has Yumi wanted to do through her work as an architect?


〔問1〕(配点:4) 解答:エ
 要旨となっている文を解釈することで,本文の内容についての理解を見る問題である。今回は下線部にはっきりworried aboutと書いてあるので,「悪」のイメージの内容が書かれている部分を周辺から探せばよい。
ア しかしYumiは,高校での生活がそんなに悪くなかったため心配していた。
イ しかしYumiは,高校で物事を学ぶことが楽しかったため心配していた。
ウ しかしYumiは,父が毎日とても一生懸命働き続けていたため心配していた。
エ しかしYumiは,将来の夢や構想がなかったため心配していた。

〔問2〕(配点:4) 解答:エ→ウ→ア→イ
ア Yumiは父の職場を訪れ,父を見て高まった。
→本文該当箇所は3段落目1行目,3行目 ……she decided to visit her father’s job site.//……and she got very excited.
イ Yumiは将来について考えだした。
→本文該当箇所は3段落目14行目 After that day, she began to think about her future.
ウ Yumiは先生に将来のことについて尋ねられたとき,何も答えられなかった。
→本文該当箇所は2段落目2行目 When her teacher asked her about her future, she couldn’t say anything.
エ Yumiはほとんど毎日Akiraとテレビゲームをしていた。
→本文該当箇所は1段落目1行目 ……she played video games with her younger brother Akira almost every day.

(1) (配点:4) 解答:ウ
  「Yumiの父は,……のために,Yumiに職場に来るように言った。」とあるので,本文2段落目4行目 He smiled and told her to come to his job site some day.と一致するが,ここにはその理由が書かれていない。本文を読み進めると,3段落目13行目にNow I know why he told me to come to his job site.とのYumiの発言がある。そこで,この周辺から理由となる部分を探す。
 ア 彼女に良い家を建ててほしかったため
 イ 彼女に大工になるように決心してほしかったため
 ウ 彼女に働くことの意義を分かってほしかったため
 →正しい。本文3段落目13行目後半Her father wanted her to know the significance of working.
 エ 彼女とAkiraに仕事を手伝ってほしかったため

 (2) (配点:4) 解答:イ
「Akiraは,……のために,よく父の職場を訪れていた。」とあるので,Akiraが父の職場を訪れた理由を表している部分を探せばよい。本文3段落目9行目後半でYumiがAkiraに対しWhat are you doing here?と尋ね,それに対するAkiraの答えが直後に書かれているため,ここに注目する。
 ア Yumiに会いたかったため
 イ 父の仕事に興味があったため
 →正しい。本文3段落目10行目,11行目後半I’m here to watch our father. …… It’s interesting to watch him at his job site. …… Akira was interested in his work!
 ウ 2人の若い大工と友達だったため
 エ テレビゲームをすることだけに興味があったため

 (3) (配点:4) 解答:ア
  「……した頃,Yumiの学校生活はより良くなった。」とあるので,本文3段落目15行目 She studied harder, and her school life got better.と一致する。この文が本段落の最終文となっているので,その直前辺りを探してみる。
 ア 夢を見つけ,より熱心に勉強した頃
 →正しい。本文3段落目15行目 That became her big dream. She studied harder, and her school life got better.
 イ 父の言葉に感動した頃
 ウ 父の職人らしいところを見てとった頃
 エ 父の職場でAkiraを見つけて驚いた頃

 (1) (配点:4) 模範解答:She felt very sad.
 →この場面が書かれているのは,本文2段落目である。3行目にShe felt very sad when she couldn’t join them.と書かれているので,ここから抜き出すだけでよい。

 (2) (配点:4) 模範解答:She has wanted to make a lot of people happy.
 →この場面が書かれているのは,本文3段落目である。14行目にShe also wanted to make a lot of people happy through her work.と書かれている。





4 次の文章を読んで,後の各問に答えよ。

  Greg was fourteen years old and liked to *draw pictures. He went to a park near his house every Sunday to draw. He *added color only for special pictures because he didn’t have much *paint. One Sunday, he went to the park to finish a picture for a contest. He decided to use the last paint he had. He thought, “I have to finish it today to *be in time for the contest.” In the park, he saw an old woman. She was sitting on a *bench and looking at a photo. He thought, “I’ve seen her there before.” Then he said, “Hello.” She said, “Hello. Oh, you sometimes draw pictures here.” He wanted to talk with her more and said, “My name is Greg Miller. You were looking at a photo.” She said, “Yes. My name is Karen Foster. This is my *grandson, Edward. He lives in another country.” She showed him the photo and said, “His parents sent it to me. I have seen him only once. It was three years ago. I want to see him again.” Greg wanted to do something for her and said, “I’ll draw a picture of you and Edward.” She said, “You’re kind.” He said, “You can keep sitting there. Please hold that photo in your hand and look at me.” He sat down near her and began drawing a picture with a pencil.
  Ms. Foster said, “I have a photo *studio. When Edward was born, I closed it for two weeks and went to see him. I took many photos of him. Now I can’t take a photo of him or feel him in my arms.” Greg finished drawing and showed her the picture. She said, “Wow! This is a *heart-warming picture! I like it very much.” In the picture, Edward was sitting on her *lap. She said, “I can feel Edward on my lap. I’m really happy.” He thought, “I draw pictures because I like to draw them. And my pictures can make people happy. That is a wonderful thing. I’ll add color to this picture. She’ll be happier.” But soon he thought, “If I do that, I will have to give up the contest.” When he saw her smile, he knew what to do. He said, “I’ll add color to it. It’s getting dark, and it’ll take a few hours. Will you meet me here again next Sunday?” She said yes.
  The next Sunday, Greg met Ms. Foster again in the park. He finished adding color to the picture there and gave it to her. She said, “Thank you, Greg. I really like this picture. It makes me happy. Please keep drawing pictures which make people happy. You can do that.” Then she gave him something. He was surprised and opened it. It was a box of paints. He said, “Thank you, Ms. Foster. I’ll never forget your words. I’ll try.”
  A few weeks later, when Greg went out, he saw some people in front of a photo studio. They were looking at something in its show window. When he came near the studio and saw its name, he knew it was Ms. Foster’s. An old man said to him, “This picture makes me happy. I remember my grandson.” Greg looked at the picture there and was surprised. It was his picture. It was on a table, and there was a message by it. He read the message and became happy. It was “I’m happy to be with my grandson.” When he went home, he saw the box of paints from Ms. Foster on his desk. He held the box of paints and remembered her words in the park. He thought, “I gave up the contest then, but I learned a wonderful things from her. I’ll try the contest next year.”

 〔注〕 draw 描く  add 加える  paint 絵の具  be in time for ~ ~に間に合う  bench ベンチ  grandson 孫息子  studio スタジオ  heart-warming 心温まる  lap ひざ

〔問1〕That is a wonderful things.の内容を,次のように書き表すとすれば,【     】の中に,どのような1語を入れるのがよいか。
    It is wonderful thing to be able to make people happy through my 【     】.

〔問2〕次の(1)~(3)の文を,本文の内容と合うように完成するには,【     】の中に,それぞれ下のどれを入れるのがよいか。
   (1) When Greg was drawing a picture with a pencil, Ms. Foster was 【     】.
    ア talking to him about Edward’s parents
    イ taking photos in the park
    ウ holding Edward’s photo in her hand
    エ looking at his picture

   (2) Greg thought, “I will have to give up the contest if I 【     】.”
    ア go to the park every Sunday to meet Ms. Foster
    イ use the last paint I have for Ms. Foster
    ウ talk with Ms. Foster more
    エ give a picture for the contest to Ms. Foster

   (3) The thing in the show window was a picture of 【     】.
    ア a table and a message
    イ Ms. Foster and Edward
    ウ the box of paints from Ms. Foster
    エ an old woman and Greg

   ア When Greg saw Ms. Foster in the park and said hello, she knew his name.
   イ Ms. Foster looked at Greg’s picture and said she couldn’t feel Edward in her arm.
   ウ Greg finished a picture for Ms. Foster in one day and gave it to her.
   エ Greg had to give up the contest, but he decided to try it next year.

   (1) Why did Ms. Foster say Greg was kind?
   (2) Whose photo studio did Greg see?

 Gregは14歳で,絵を描くのが好きであった。彼は絵を描くために毎週日曜日に家の近くの公園へ行っていた。彼はあまり絵の具を持っていなかったため,特別な絵だけに色を加えた。ある日曜日,彼はコンテストに向けて絵を描き終えるために公園へ行った。彼は,持っていた最後の絵の具を使うことに決めた。彼は「コンテストに間に合わせるために今日中に絵を描き終えないとならないな。」と考えた。公園で,彼はあるお年寄りの女性を見かけた。彼女はベンチに座っていて,写真を眺めていた。彼は「彼女,ここで前に見たことあるぞ。」と思った。そして彼は「こんにちは。」と声をかけた。彼女は「こんにちは。ああ,あなた,たまに絵を描いてらっしゃる。」と言った。彼は彼女ともっと話したく,「私の名前はGreg Millerです。写真を見てらっしゃるんですね。」と言った。彼女は「はい。私の名前はKaren Fosterです。この子は,私の孫息子のEdward。彼は違う国に住んでいるの。」と言った。彼女は彼(Greg)に写真を見せ,「彼(Edward)の両親が私に送ってくれたんです。私は彼を1度しか見たことがないの。それは3年前です。彼にもう1度会いたいですね。」と言った。Gregは彼女に何かしてあげようと思い,「私があなたとEdwardの絵を描いてあげましょう。」と言った。彼女は,「優しい方ですね。」と言った。彼は「あなたはそこに座り続けていてかまいません。その写真を手に持って私の方を見てください。」と言った。彼は彼女の近くに座り,鉛筆で絵を描き始めた。

〔問1〕(配点:4) 解答:pictures

 (1) (配点:4) 解答:ウ
  「Gregが鉛筆で絵を描いているとき,Foster氏は……。」とあるので,GregがFoster氏の絵を描き始めた1段落目8行目“Greg wanted to do ….”からの部分が該当する。このとき,Foster氏が何をしていたかを適切に表している肢を選ぶ。
 ア 彼にEdwardの両親のことについて話していた
 イ 公園で写真を撮っていた
 →誤り。そのような記載はない。また,1段落目9行目でGregがFoster氏に対し“You can keep sitting there.”と話していることから,Foster氏は座っているだけで他に何ら行動していないものと考えられる。
 ウ 手にEdwardの写真を持っていた
 →正しい。1段落目9行目でGregはFoster氏に対し“Please hold that photo in your hand ….”と言っており,それを否定する記載は特にない。
 エ 彼の絵を見ていた
 →誤り。1段落目9行目でGregはFoster氏に対し“Please ….look at me.”と言っており,それを否定する記載は特にないため,Foster氏は彼の絵は見ていないものと考えられる。

 (2) (配点:4) 解答:イ
  「Gregは『もし…なら,コンテストを諦めざるを得ない。』と考えた。」とあるので,2段落目5行目“But soon he thought….”からの部分が該当する。コンテストを諦めざるを得なくなってしまった理由は“If I do that,”とあるので,ここでいう“that”が何を指しているのかを考える。“that”は指示代名詞であり,原則直前ででてきたことを表す。本問では,“But soon”とあるから,直前の内容を指している。
 ア 毎週日曜日にFoster氏に会いに公園へ行くと
 →誤り。GregがFoster氏に会ったのは,1段落目2行目の“One Sunday….”と3段落目1行目の“The next Sunday….”の2回のみであるから,毎週日曜日に会っているとはいえない。また,Foster氏に会うこと自体がコンテストを諦めざるを得なくなった直接の根拠にはならない。
 イ Foster氏のために自らが持っている最後の絵の具を使うと
 →正しい。まず,1段落目2行目で“….he went to the park to finish a picture for a contest.”とあり,その次の文で“He decided to use the last paint he had.”とあることから,Gregが最後の絵の具をコンテスト用の絵に使おうとしていたことが分かる。ところが,1段落目8行目でGregはFoster氏に対し“I’ll draw a picture of you and Edward.”とあり,コンテスト用とは別の絵を描き始めたことが分かる。そして,2段落目5行目で“I’ll add color to this picture.”とあり,絵の具をコンテスト用とは別の絵に対して使おうとしている。以上の点を考慮すると,ここで絵の具を使ってしまえば,コンテスト用の絵には絵の具を使うことができなくなってしまうことが分かる。これらを踏まえて,“If I do that….”の“that”の内容を考えれば,直前の“I’ll add color to this picture.”を指していることが分かる。
 ウ Foster氏とこれ以上話をしていると
 →誤り。そのような記載はない。また,1段落目3行目で“I have to finish it today to be in time for the contest.”とあり,GregがFoster氏に最初に会った日曜日のうちに絵を描き終えないとコンテストに間に合わないことが分かるところ,再び翌週の日曜日にFoster氏に会った時点ではすでにコンテストには間に合わないものであると考えることが出来る。
 エ コンテスト用の絵をFoster氏にあげると

 (3) (配点:4) 解答:イ
 ア テーブルとメッセージの絵
 →誤り。「テーブル」は4段落目3行目“It was on a table….”で出てくるが,これは“his picture”が載せられていたテーブルというだけであり,テーブル自体が絵として描かれているわけではない。また「メッセージ」は4段落目4行目“there was a message by it.”で出てくるが,これは“his picture”のそばに置かれていたものであって,テーブルと同様それ自体が描かれていたわけではない。
 イ Foster氏とEdwardの絵
 →正しい。4段落目3行目で“It was his picture.”とあり,ここでいう“It”とは直前で出てくる“the picture”を指している。この“the picture”とは,4段落目1行目の“something in its show window.”と一致する。ここでいう“its”とは,“a photo studio”のことであり,これは4段落目2行目“it was Ms. Foster’s”からFoster氏のものであるということが分かる。したがって,“his picture”とは,GregがFoster氏にあげた絵のことを指している。
 ウ Foster氏からもらった絵の具箱の絵
 →誤り。4段落目4行目に“When he went home, he saw the box of paints from Ms. Foster on his desk.”とあるから,“the box of paints from Ms. Foster”は,Gregの自宅にあるのであって,“the show window”にはない。
 エ ある老婦人とGregの絵
 →誤り。“his picture”の内容は1段落目8行目に“I’ll draw a picture of you and Edward.”とあり,ここでいう“you”とは“Ms. Foster”のことであるから,絵に描かれているのは“Ms. Foster”と“Edward”の2人のみである。よって,Gregが絵に描かれているとしている本肢は誤りである。

〔問3〕(配点:4) 解答:エ
 ア Gregが公園でFoster氏に会いこんにちはと言ったとき,彼女は彼の名前を知っていた。
 →誤り。GregがFoster氏に公園で会う場面は1段落目3行目以降である。1段落目5行目で“My name is Greg Miller.”とGregから自己紹介しており,Foster氏がそれ以前からGregの名前を知っていたという事情は存在しないから,本肢は誤りである。
 イ Foster氏はGregの絵を見て,Edwardを腕に感じ取ることはできないと言った。
 →誤り。GregがFoster氏への絵を描き終えた場面は3段落目以降である。Foster氏がEdward を腕に感じ取ることができないとしている記載はない。なお,2段落目2行目にある“Now I can’t….feel him in my arms.”は,GregがFoster氏に絵を描き終える前の事情であり,本肢とは合わない。
 ウ GregはFoster氏への絵を1日で終わらせ,彼女にあげた。
 →誤り。2段落目6行目で“I’ll add color to it. It’s getting dark, and it’ll take a few hours. Will you meet me here again next Sunday?”とあるので,GregはFoster氏への絵を1日で描き終えることはできず,2週にわたっていることが分かる。
 エ Gregはコンテストを諦めざるを得なかったが,来年挑戦することを決めた。
 →正しい。〔問2〕(2)イの解説を参照。Gregは最後の絵の具をFoster氏への絵に使ってしまったため,コンテストは諦めざるを得なかった。そして,4段落目最終文で“I’ll try the contest next year.”とあるので,Gregが来年コンテストに挑戦しようとしていることが分かる。

 (1) (配点:4) 模範解答:Because he said he would draw a picture of her and Edward.
 →この場面が書かれているのは1段落目8行目“You’re kind.”である。この直前でGregが“I’ll draw a picture of you and Edward.”と言っており,それを受けての発言であると考えられるので,ここを抜き出したうえで,質問に合う形に書きかえる。直接話法(引用符“”を用いた書き方)を用いる場合は本文を抜き出せばよいが,間接話法を用いる場合は,Gregが言った言葉の中の主語と動詞の時制に注意しなければならない。模範解答は間接話法を用いている。

 (2) (配点:4) 模範解答:He saw Ms. Foster’s photo studio.
 →この場面が書かれているのは4段落目である。2行目で“he knew it was Ms. Foster’s.”としているところ,ここでいう“it”とは“a photo studio”を指しているので,このフォトスタジオはFoster氏のものであることが分かる。




4 次の文章を読んで,あとの各問に答えよ。

  Hiroki was a third-year student at a junior high school. His school had a chorus contest in March every year. At the end of February, Hiroki and his *classmates were talking about the contest. They wanted to win it. Everyone around Hiroki knew he liked singing and sang very well. One of his classmates said, “Hiroki knows how to sing well. So I want Hiroki to become the *conductor of our chorus.” Everyone agreed. At first, Hiroki wanted to sing with his classmates. But, for his class, he finally agreed and became the conductor. They started to practice after school every day.
  There were two weeks until the contest. Hiroki wanted to make their chorus better and started to give *advice to his classmates. He stopped the practice very often to give advice, and the students weren’t able to enjoy singing. Some of them started to *complain about that. Linda, Hiroki’s classmate from America, said to him, “Hiroki, you give us a lot of advice, but we don’t understand it well.” She looked a little angry. Hiroki said, “Well, I’m going to sing now. Try to sing like me, everyone.” He began to sing in front of the class. His voice was very beautiful. Linda and the other students thought he was a really good singer. They still didn’t know how to sing well. But they stopped complaining and started to practice again. Their teacher, Mr. Nakano, was listening to them outside the classroom. He thought, “They are practicing hard. But they don’t have a good *harmony. They don’t know that.
  Only one week was left before the contest. Hiroki *was worried about the chorus because it was not good yet. Akira, one of his classmates, often sang *off-key. Hiroki stopped the practice and complained to him, “We have practiced hard for a week. But we can’t do well because you sing off-key.” Then Linda shouted, “Stop, Hiroki!” She ran to Hiroki and said, “Akira has also practiced very hard. We all know you can sing very well, but that doesn’t mean you can say anything.” Hiroki was surprised because Linda was very angry. His classmates also looked angry. He didn’t know what to do and left the classroom.
  When Hiroki was going home, he thought, “I said something terrible to Akira. I will *apologize to him tomorrow. But what should I do for the class?” Then, he saw his little brother Ken. Ken was playing soccer with his friends in a park and looked very happy. Hiroki was surprised to see that because he knew Ken was not good at sports. Ken usually didn’t play well, but his friends didn’t complain about that. Sometimes he played well, and his friends said, “Good Ken!” Ken smiled and ran hard. At that time Hiroki thought, “Now I know what I should do for the class. I will practice singing together with my classmates. We need to help each other. That will make good harmony in our chorus.”
  The next day Hiroki said to his classmates, “I was wrong, everyone. I said something terrible to Akira. I’m sorry.” He said to Akira, “Let’s practice singing together. I’ll stand next to you today when we sing.” Akira smiled and said, “Thank you, Hiroki.” The other students also smiled. Hiroki said, “Linda, will you be the conductor today?” “Sure!” Linda answered. She said, “We don’t have much time until the contest. Let’s practice hard to win it!” Everyone said, “Yes!”
  When Mr. Nakano came into the classroom, the students were singing. Hiroki was singing, too. They looked very happy because they were really enjoying singing. After the practice, Mr. Nakano said to them, “You are better than before!” Hiroki said, “Yes, we have good harmony now!”

 〔注〕classmate クラスメート  conductor 指揮者  advice 助言  complain 不満を言う  harmony 調和
    be worried about ~ ~を心配している  off-key 音程を外して  apologize to ~ ~に謝る

〔問1〕They don’t know that. の内容を,次のように書き表すとすれば,【     】の中に,下のどれを入れるのがよいか。
    They don’t know 【     】.
   ア Linda is a little angry.
   イ Hiroki is a really good singer
   ウ they don’t have good harmony
   エ only one week is left before the contest

   ア Hiroki stopped the practice and said something terrible to Akira.
   イ Hiroki asked Linda to be the conductor and sang with his classmates.
   ウ Hiroki started to give advice to his classmates to make their chorus better
   エ Hiroki thought his class needed to help each other and apologized to his classmates.

〔問3〕次の(1)~(3)の文を,本文の内容と合うように完成するには,【     】の中に,それぞれ下のどれを入れるのがよいか。
   (1) Hiroki’s classmates wanted him to become the conductor because 【     】.
    ア he was not good at singing
    イ they knew he didn’t like singing
    ウ they thought he knew how to sing well
    エ he really wanted to become the conductor

   (2) Linda was very angry because 【     】.
    ア Akira often sang off-key
    イ Hiroki left the classroom
    ウ the chorus was not good yet
    エ Hiroki said something terrible to Akira

   (3) When Hiroki saw Ken in a park, 【     】.
    ア Ken looked very happy
    イ Hiroki said to him, “Good, Ken!”
    ウ Hiroki thought Ken was good at sports
    エ one of Ken’s friends complained to Ken

   (1) What did Hiroki decide to do for the class after he saw Ken in a park?
   (2) Why did the students look very happy when Mr. Nakano came into the classroom?


〔問1〕(配点:4) 解答:ウ
ア Lindaが少し怒っていることを彼らは知らない。
→誤り。本文2段落目4行目にShe looked a little angry.とあるが,これはHiroki目線での話である。とすると,少なくともHirokiはLindaが少し怒っていることを知っているので,Hirokiを含めてだれもLindaが少し怒っていることを知らないとしている点で本肢は誤っている。
イ Hirokiが歌を歌うのが本当に上手だということを彼らは知らない。
→誤り。本文2段落目5行目にLinda and the other students thought he was a really good singer.とあるので,クラスメートは,Hirokiは歌がうまいことを知っている。
ウ 彼らには調和が足りないということを彼らは知らない。
→正しい。thatは代名詞だから,なるべく近くの内容を指している。そうすると,本問下線部の直前にBut they don’t have a good harmony.と書かれており,これをthatの内容としても文の流れとしてもおかしくない。
エ コンテストまで1週間しかないことを彼らは知らない。
→誤り。本問下線部は本文2段落目に書かれているところ,2段落目の話の時点では,There were two weeks until the contest.(1行目)とあるので,時系列が誤っている。

〔問2〕(配点:4) 解答:ウ→ア→エ→イ
ア Hirokiは練習を止めて,Akiraにひどいことを言った。
→本文該当箇所は3段落目2行目 Hiroki stopped the practice and complained to him,…… とあり,complainedの内容は4段落目1行目でI said something terrible to Akira.としている。
イ Hirokiは,Lindaに指揮者になるよう頼み,クラスメートと一緒に歌った。
→本文該当箇所は5段落目~6段落目Linda, will you be the conductor today? ~ Sure! …… Hiroki was singing, too.
ウ Hirokiはクラスメートに,合唱をよりよくするためにアドバイスをしはじめた。
→本文該当箇所は2段落目1行目 Hiroki wanted to make their chorus better and started to give advice to his classmates.
エ Hirokiは,クラスには互いに助け合うことが必要であると考え,クラスメートに謝った。
→本文該当箇所は4段落目5行目,5段落目1行目 We need to help each other. …… I’m sorry.

(1) (配点:4) 解答:ウ
  「……のため,クラスメートはHirokiに指揮者になってほしかった。」とあるので,本文1段落目3行目 So I want Hiroki to become the *conductor of our chorus. ~ Everyone agreed.と一致する。Hirokiに指揮者になってほしいと思った根拠を表している肢を選ぶ。
 ア 彼は歌を歌うのが苦手だったため
 →誤り。本文1段落目2行目にEveryone around Hiroki knew he liked singing and sang very well.とあるので,彼は歌を歌うのが苦手だったとしている点で誤っている。
 イ 彼は歌を歌うのが好きではないということを彼らは知っていたため
 ウ 彼は歌のうまい歌い方を知っていると彼らは考えたため
 →正しい。Soは順接で,直前の内容を理由として文を続ける場合に用いるので,直前にあるHiroki knows how to sing well.が根拠になっていると考えられる。
 エ 彼は本当に指揮者になりたかったため
 →誤り。本文1段落目4行目にAt first, Hiroki wanted to sing with his classmates.とあるので,彼はむしろ指揮者になろうという意志はなかったものと考えられる。

 (2) (配点:4) 解答:エ
  「……のため,Lindaはかなり怒っていた。」とあるので,本文3段落目4行目 Hiroki was surprised because Linda was very angry.と一致する。Lindaが激怒した原因を表している肢を選ぶ。
 ア Akiraが音程を外して歌っていたため
 →誤り。Akiraが音程を外して歌っていることを咎めているのはHirokiであり,LindaはAkira has also practiced very hard.(3行目)というように,Akiraを庇っている。
 イ Hirokiが教室を出ていったため
 ウ 合唱が未だうまくなっていなかったため
 エ HirokiがAkiraにひどいことを言ったため

 (3) (配点:4) 解答:ア
 ア Kenはとても楽しそうだった
 →正しい。2行目にKen was playing soccer with his friends in a park and looked very happy.とある。
 イ Hirokiは彼に「いいね,Ken!」と言った
 ウ Hirokiは,Kenはスポーツが得意だと思った
 →誤り。Hirokiはhe knew Ken was not good at sports.(3行目)というように,Kenは現にスポーツが苦手であるということを知っており,また,Ken usually didn’t play well, ……とあるので,Kenはスポーツが得意だという事情も書かれていない。
 エ Kenの友達の1人が彼に文句を言った
 →誤り。3行目にbut his friends didn’t complain about that.とある。

 (1) (配点:4) 模範解答:He decided to practice singing together with his classmates.
 →この場面が書かれているのは本文4段落目である。HirokiがKenを公園で見掛けた後に考えたことが4行目At that time ~からはじまる。Kenがしようと決めたことであるから,主語がKenのみを指している文,すなわちI will practice singing together with my classmates.を抜き出したうえで,質問文の形に合うように書きかえる。

 (2) (配点:4) 模範解答:Because they were really enjoying singing.
 →この場面が書かれているのは本文6段落目であるが,They looked very happy because they were really enjoying singing.と,設問と同内容のことが直接書かれている部分があるので,理由となる部分のみを抜き出して書けばよい。




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